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Flag of Japan

The national flag of Japan is a white rectangular flag with a large red disk (representing the sun) in the center. This flag is officially called Nissh?ki (????, "sun-mark flag") in Japanese, but is more commonly known as Hinomaru (????, "circle of the sun"). The Nissh?ki flag is designated as the national flag in Law Regarding the National Flag and National Anthem, which was promulgated and became effective on August 13, 1999. Although no earlier legislation had specified a national flag, the sun-disc flag had already become the de facto national flag of Japan. Two proclamations issued in 1870 by the Daij?-kan, the governmental body of the early Meiji Era, each had a provision for a design of the national flag. A sun-disc flag was adopted as the national flag for merchant ships under Proclamation No. 57 of Meiji 3 (issued on February 27, 1870), and as the national flag used by the Navy under Proclamation No. 651 of Meiji 3 (issued on October 27, 1870). Use of the Hinomaru was severely restricted during the early years of the American occupation after World War II, although restrictions were later relaxed.

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Добавлено: 2012-03-02 04:04:28 MSK
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